Old Musical Instruments
Buying-Selling Early Musical Instruments
Saxophones Adolphe Sax
Fine Bassoons Heckel
Heckel German system
The design of the modern bassoon owes a great deal to the performer, teacher, and composer Carl Almenräder.
Assisted by the German acoustic researcher Gottfried Weber, he developed the 17-key bassoon with a range spanning four octaves.
Almenräder's improvements to the bassoon began with an 1823 treatise describing ways of improving intonation, response, and technical ease of playing by augmenting and rearranging the keywork.
Subsequent articles further developed his ideas. His employment at Schott gave him the freedom to construct and test instruments according to these new designs, and he published the results in Caecilia, Schott's house journal.
Almenräder continued publishing and building instruments until his death in 1846, and Ludwig van Beethoven himself requested one of the newly made instruments after hearing of the papers.
In 1831, Almenräder left Schott to start his own factory with a partner, Johann Adam Heckel.