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Mandore VincentiusVinaccia / filius Januarii / fecit Neapoli alia rue Catalana
The mandore is a musical instrument, a small member of the lute family, teardrop shaped, with four, five or six courses.
It was considered a new instrument in French music books from the 1580s,but is descended from and very similar to the gittern.
It is considered ancestral to the modern mandolin.
Some experts consider the mandore a forerunner to the mandolino also known as a Baroque mandolin, which in turn branched out into a family of mandolins that includes the Neapolitan mandolin, the Genoese mandolin, and the Cremonese mandolin.
Others consider that the mandore and mandolino may have been contemporary, with different names being used in different countries; the mandolino in Italy, the mandore in France.
It is also considered a forerunner or close relative of the 17th century mandola.
Gennaro Vinaccia was active between about 1710 and 1788, and Antonio Vinaccia was from about 1734 to 1796.
An early extant example of a mandolin is one built by Antonio Vinaccia in 1772 which is kept at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.
Another is by Giuseppe Vinaccia built in 1763, can be found at the Kenneth G. Fiske Museum of Musical Instruments in Claremont, California.
The earliest existant mandolin was built in 1744 by Gaetano Vinaccia, and is housed in the Conservatoire Royal de Musique in Brussels, Belgium.